Autonomous Artificial Intelligence: Separating Facts from Fiction

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has unquestionably made its mark, contributing billions of dollars to the global economy with its astonishing applications. The buzz surrounding AI’s capabilities can be found everywhere, from the internet to action-packed movies. However, let’s get hands on a journey to discover the truth behind the term “autonomous” in Artificial Intelligence.


To comprehend the concept of autonomy in AI, we should start by clarifying what “autonomous” truly means. According to Google’s dictionary, autonomous refers to “having the freedom to act independently.” In essence, an autonomous entity can make decisions independently and self-govern its operations.


Now, let’s address the fundamental question: Is the current generation of AI truly autonomous, or is it merely a façade?

Table of contents

Is the Current Generation of AI Autonomous?

In the contemporary landscape, AI is primarily fueled by machine learning, the cornerstone of AI technology. Machine learning empowers AI systems to learn and perform tasks without manual human intervention.

Machine learning involves several essential steps:


  • Feeding the system with a vast dataset of relevant examples.
  • Establishing a predefined goal to achieve.
  • Employing patterns and algorithms to train the AI.
  • Reviewing the patterns incorporated into machine learning.
  • Deploying the resultant algorithm for various tasks.


Machine learning excels in making predictions based on patterns it has learned from the provided dataset. However, crucially, AI systems do not independently formulate decisions or objectives; they rely on human guidance.


In essence, Autonomous Artificial Intelligence is essentially a tool meticulously crafted by humans, consistently monitored by humans, and designed to serve human needs. The autonomy of AI systems extends only as far as the patterns and parameters set by humans, rendering them restricted without ongoing human intervention and modifications.

Autonomous Artificial Intelligence: Automation vs. Autonomy

A common misconception revolves around the notion that AI systems will one day acquire free will, a belief held by luminaries like Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk. In reality, AI systems cannot achieve “full autonomy” unless they are explicitly designed to possess it. 

In simpler terms, Autonomous Artificial Intelligence can be automated to perform tasks efficiently, but true autonomy, akin to human decision-making, remains beyond its reach.

The Challenge of Striking a Balance with AI

There is an ongoing debate about the necessity of human oversight in AI systems. Many experts argue that retaining some form of human control is imperative, particularly in critical AI applications such as autonomous vehicles. Nevertheless, numerous companies are heavily investing in AI technology to fulfill the promise of autonomous weaponry, self-driving vehicles, and more.

Is Autonomous Artificial Intelligence a Potential Threat?

A growing chorus of voices raises concerns about the future implications of AI. Some individuals warn of a potential “Destructive Superintelligence” scenario, where AI may transcend our control, potentially wreaking havoc. As of now, this remains a theoretical concern, yet one that merits consideration.


Another pressing issue centers on job automation. Recent surveys indicate that approximately 70 percent of tasks currently performed by human workers could be replaced by Autonomous Artificial Intelligence systems, potentially leading to increased unemployment.

Key Takeaways

In summary, AI is undeniably here to stay, but the trajectory of its evolution remains uncertain. Despite the substantial investments made each year to advance AI towards full autonomy, it will perpetually rely on human involvement to some extent. AI systems will always operate within the predefined patterns and algorithms established by humans.


For those eager to explore the vast world of AI and delve deeper into its intricacies, reaching out to AI experts and immersing oneself in the field is a promising avenue for further discovery. The journey to unlock the full potential of Autonomous Artificial Intelligence continues, shaped by our understanding and guidance.